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Molecule regenerates the heart | BioBlog

Molecule regenerates the heart

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Categoria: Archive Medical biotechnology Stem them Transplants
Tag: #cardiovascular diseases #heart #heart attack #molecules #stamina cells #Stem them #Transplants
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A new molecule (HBR) has been synthesized capable of regenerating the heart immediately after a heart attack and increasing the efficacy of subsequent stem cell transplantation. The revolutionary molecule is capable of immediately reducing the cardiac cell mortality produced by the infarction and inducing the formation of new coronary vessels together with the recruitment of endogenous stem cells. Furthermore, it is able to direct the differentiation into cardiomyocytes of adult stem cells in vitro to be used in subsequent transplantation. Therefore, a first injection of HBR could be followed by a transplant of autologous stem cells previously grown in the laboratory and treated ex vivo with the same molecule, thus increasing the long-term potential for cardiac repair. The study, just published in the prestigious "Journal of Biological Chemistry" – official organ of the "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology" – was coordinated by Professor Carlo Ventura, director of the Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Stem Cell Bioengineering of the National Institute of Biostructures and Biosystems (INBB), at the Cardiovascular Department of the University of Bologna and the Bioscience Institute of San Marino. The research project, a positive example of public-private partnership, was conducted in collaboration with the Bioscience Institute – Cell Factory dedicated to the expansion and autologous cryopreservation of stem cells from adipose tissue and umbilical cord – and with Dr. Vincenzo Lionetti and Professor Fabio Recchia of the Institute of Clinical Physiology of the CNR and Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Pisa, and Professor Gianandrea Pasquinelli of the Department of Hematology, Oncology and Clinical Pathology of the University of Bologna. The molecule synthesized by the group of researchers is a compound containing hyaluronic acid, butyric acid and retinoic acid (HBR) capable of regenerating rat hearts subjected to an experimental heart attack with an intracardiac injection of the molecule, preserving the vitality of the myocardial tissue pending the times needed for stem cell transplantation. The administration of HBR induced the formation of new coronary vessels and greatly reduced both cardiac cell mortality and the extension of the infarct scar, normalizing the metabolic structure of the myocardial tissue. The HBR molecule also caused a recruitment to the infarct area of endogenous stem cells from the bone marrow. The possibility of using the HBR molecule as a "signal of survival and cardiovascular repair" opens up new perspectives in regenerative medicine. In fact, stem cells represent a hope for the regeneration of damaged hearts that the use of the HBR molecule will help make even more concrete. The current obstacles to the use of stem cells for this pathology are the low viability of transplanted stem cells and their uncertain differentiation fate in vivo. Furthermore, the technical times necessary to multiply these cells ex vivo before transplantation determine a delay in carrying out the implantation of the stem cells even of a few weeks, when the myocardial damage due to the infarct scar, now formed, compromises the contractility of the heart. The timely intracardiac administration of the HBR molecule could serve as an immediate and lasting aid, capable of rapidly transforming the hostile environment of the ischemic tissue into a "context" more prone to the recruitment of endogenous stem cells, to be followed by an adult stem cell transplant treated in the laboratory with the same molecule. In fact, in a previous study, the same research group had demonstrated that the HBR molecule was able to orient adult stem cells in the cardiovascular direction in vitro, increasing their reparative capacity in infarcted rat hearts. [more info ]

Publicato: 28/12/2022Da: Bio Blog

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